Friday, March 25, 2016

Happy Maryland Day!

March 25th celebrates Maryland Day, which commemorates the anniversary of the March 25, 1634, landing of the first European settlers in the Province of Maryland, the third English colony to be settled in British North America. On this day settlers from "The Ark" and the smaller "The Dove" first stepped foot onto Maryland soil, at St. Clement's Island in the Potomac RiverLater the colonists and their two ships sailed further back down river to the southeast to settle a capital at St. Mary's City near the point where the Potomac flows into the Chesapeake Bay.

The settlers were about 150 in number, departed from Gravesend on the Thames River downstream from London. Three Jesuit priests were collected from Cowes on the Isle of Wight in England where they avoided having to give the oath of allegiance and supremacy to British King Charles I.


NAMED AFTER...

As many of us learned in 7th Grade Maryland State History class (thank you, Mr. Davis), Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore, founded the colony under a charter that the King granted on June 20, 1632. They wanted to establish a colony where Roman Catholics, as well as everyone else, could practice their religion.  

The King gave the colony to the Calvert family as a gift, on the conditions that the King was paid an annual rent of two arrowheads and that the colony must be named after his wife, Queen Henrietta Maria. It was called “Mary-Land” or Maryland, as it is known today. The celebration to commemorate this event began in Maryland schools in 1903 and it was made an official state holiday in 1916.

STATE SYMBOLS...


Maryland has various state symbols, such as:

AND OUR WEIRD FLAG...

Maryland's flag bears the arms of the Calvert and Crossland families. Calvert was the family name of the Lords Baltimore, and their colors of gold and black appear in the first and fourth quarters of the flag. Crossland was the family of the mother of George Calvert, first Lord Baltimore. The red and white Crossland colors, with a cross bottony (symbol having a bud, button or a kind of trefoil), appear in the second and third quarters.